Belvoir Manor constructed

Corps of Engineers established
Quartermaster Corps established

Belvoir Manor destroyed by fire


Woodlawn Mansion constructed

Quartermaster Corps responsible for construction of all quarters at permanent installations. (Corps of Engineers primarily focuses on public works projects.)


1878 map of
Belvoir peninsula


U.S. War Department acquired 1500 acres on what had been the Belvoir Plantation to establish a rifle range and summer camp for engineer troops stationed at Washington Barracks

Titanic sinks, April 15

Archduke Franz Ferdinand assassinated June 28, leading to World War I



President Wilson asks Congress for a declaration of war with Germany, April 6

The United States passes the Selective Service Act empowering the Federal Government to draft men for the armed forces, May 8

Secretary of War authorized the establishment of a training cantonment, Camp A.A. Humphreys, for engineer soldiers on the Belvoir peninsula. Temporary barracks, warehouses, and other structures constructed, Dec. 15



Opening Day, Camp A.A.
[Fort Belvoir], 1917



Second authorization was given to increase the cantonment capacity to 30,000; subsequent wave of construction completed, Oct. 31

World War I ends as Germany and Allies sign an Armistice, Nov. 1


1918 map of Camp A.A. Humphreys [Fort Belvoir]

38 bungalows built at Fort Belvoir to house officers (Park Village, Snow Loop and Jadwin Loop Village )



18th Amendment, Prohibition, comes into force, Jan. 16

Construction Service of the Quartermaster Corps formed, July 15

19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution ratified, giving women the right to vote, Aug. 26

War Department created the District of Washington, predecessor of the Military District of Washington

Congress passed Public Law No. 45 authorizing the Secretary of War to sell off property and use funds on permanent construction at other military posts (for housing and hospitalization needs), March

First $7 million made available for construction (primarily for barracks and hospitals) from Public Law No. 45

Fort Belvoir's new post plan is approved by Congress

Charles Lindbergh flies nonstop across the Atlantic

The Jazz Singer is released, first talking motion picture

Stock Market on Wall Street crashes, Oct.



Social Area, 1920


Parade, 1921


23 single-family NCO quarters were scheduled to be completed, June (Gerber Village)

Within continental United States, permanent housing had been provided for 19,800 enlisted men, 304 non-commissioned officers (NCO), and 292 commissioned officers. Construction to that date totaled just over $30 million, Feb.



Fort Humphreys
[Fort Belvoir], 1930



35 single family NCO quarters completed at Fort Belvoir (Gerber Village)

Fort Belvoir archaeological project at the plantation ruins of Belvoir Manor

Revised Fort Belvoir Post Plan

Franklin Delano Roosevelt elected president of the United States, Nov. 8


Gerber Village single-family home, general view, ca. 1930


21st Amendment passed, repealing the 18th amendment, Prohibition, Feb. 20

Additional money made available with the National Industrial Recovery Act (NIA) to assist trades and industries during the Great Depression, $61 million for 660 projects at 65 installations, September

Belvoir Village constructed

National Housing Act to set up the Federal Housing Administration (FHA)

Camp Humphreys gets permanent children's school




Four Warrant Officer's and two NCO quarters completed, July 30.
(Gerber Village)

Fort Humphreys renamed Fort Belvoir

20 Field Officers' quarters were built


Belvoir Village, 4-bedroom house, historic photo, ca. 1935


Glenn Miller Orchestra debuts in New York City (often visits Fort Belvoir afterward)

U.S. Housing Act created U.S. Housing Authority

Title I of the Work Relief and Public Works Appropriation Act gave $13,942,572 in WPA funds and $52,283,400 in PWA funds for Army housing. Spent at 64 posts, 285 projects, 1091 sets of quarters. These projects had to be substantially completed by Jan. 1, 1940

Officer's swimming pool is built at Fort Belvoir



1937 aerial of Fort Belvoir


Six duplexes, housing for NCO Senior Officers, completed (Gerber Village)

The Committee of the Participation of Negroes in the National Defense (CPNND) was formed to work toward inclusion of blacks in the military organization, May

Britain, France, Australia, and New Zealand declare war on Germany. Second World War begins, Sept. 3




Fort Belvoir expansion includes an additional 3,000 acres north of U.S. Route 1 to make room for the new Engineer Replacement Training Center (ERTC). Temporary Emergency Construction Program starts constructing 643 new buildings at Fort Belvoir

Construction of 41 houses comprising 110 units (Grays Hill Village)

Gone with the Wind sweeps the Oscars  

Army transfers all construction responsibilities to the Corps of Engineers, December, ending the involvement of Quartermaster Corps in military housing

41 additional houses completed at Fort Belvoir (Grays Hill Village)

Japanese bomb Pearl Harbor, Dec. 7

Congress passed Public Law 490 to provide benefits and an allotment of the serviceman's pay to surviving dependents

First U.S. GIs arrive in Britain, Jan. 26

Frank Sinatra debuts at the New York Paramount Theater, Dec. 30


Gerber Village duplex, construction, ca. 1939



D-Day landings, June 6

Grays Hill Nursery opened, October

V-E (Victory in Europe) Day, May 8

Japanese sign the surrender agreement;   V-J (Victory over Japan) Day, Sept. 2

Korea divided into U.S. and Soviet occupation zones along 38th parallel, Aug. 15

Gillem Board formed to examine and prepare a directive on the role of African Americans in the postwar Army


Fort Belvoir, 1943

123 housing conversions, 108 temporary housing units and a block of bachelor officers' quarters built at Fort Belvoir

United Nations holds its first session in San Francisco

President Truman established the President's Committee on Civil Rights to investigate racial violence and to improve civil rights of all Americans, Sept. 19

The Truman Doctrine pledges to provide American economic and military assistance to any nation threatened by Communism, March 12

Fort Belvoir converts existing buildings to 30 family housing units in "B" area; also converting buildings in the hospital area to provide 10 housing units; additional 80 units in "J" area to be awarded soon, 120 total


Grays Hill Village nursery,
March 1, 1947


20 additional family housing units built to boost total to 120 two-bedroom apartments, four to a building, to be ready about Feb. 1, 1948, near Post Headquarters, comprising five buildings (Rossell Loop Village)

The manual Planning of Family Housing at Army Installations published

President Truman's National Security Act creates U.S. Department of Defense, July 26

Gray’s Hill Civilian Dispensary opened, Aug.

Congress passed Public Law 626 authorizing military construction at installation for the fiscal year 1949. Based allowable construction on size limits and repealed cost limits, provided for family housing for enlisted men, repealed the $5,000 spending limit on buildings or installations without approval of the Secretary of War, June

President Truman signed Executive Order 9981, which provided equal treatment and opportunities for African American serviceman, July 26

U.S. Military turns over power to Republic of Korea, Aug. 15


Rossell Loop Village, elevation, ca. 1990

Thermo-Con House constructed

Department of Defense creates Personnel Policy Board, which drafted a racial policy that abolished all racial quotas and established uniform draft standards, Feb.

Wherry Bill signed by President Truman, Aug. 8



Thermo-Con House, view of the southwest corner, ca. 2006

Korean War begins

First Peanuts cartoon strip

U.S. President Truman orders construction of Hydrogen Bomb


350 + 100 rental apartment units completed; started at the end of 1949 (Lewis Heights Village)

Engineer Officer Candidate School began its first classes at Fort Belvoir

A contract study "on the Army's experiences with black troops in Korea," known as Project CLEAR, confirmed that African American soldiers in integrated units fought as well as whites, Nov.

First color TV broadcast in U.S.


Lewis Heights Village, exterior view, 1968

Cease fire signed in Korea

Queen Elizabeth II is crowned in Great Britain

Housing and Home Finance Agency publishes Design Standards for Construction of Permanent Family Housing for Federal Personnel

Engineer Officer Candidate School closed its doors

Army inactivated the last all black unit in the 94th Engineer Battalion, Nov.

300 family units being built; 24 duplex buildings located in area north of ERDL near ruins of old Fairfax Mansion (Fairfax Village area); 270 units erected just north of Jadwin Loop Village in wooded shelf area along Dogue Creek (Dogue Creek Village); six more units on 9th street near the Post Hospital (Building 813 in Colyer Village)


1953 aerial of Fort Belvoir


Capehart Bill signed by President Eisenhower

Disneyland opens

Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on a segregated, Birmingham, Ala., bus

Elvis on The Ed Sullivan Show

Grace Kelly marries Prince Rainier III of Monaco

Dewitt Hospital and SM-1 Nuclear Plant opened at Fort Belvoir

Soviet satellite Sputnik launches Space Age

NASA founded

Dr. Seuss writes Cat in the Hat


Dogue Creek Village, move-in day,
Sept. 28, 1956



Lewis Height Village acquired by Fort Belvoir

618 housing units being completed (Colyer, Fairfax, George Washington, River Villages)

Castro becomes dictator of Cuba


River Village 1968

John F. Kennedy elected president

Berlin Wall built

Bay of Pigs Invasion



Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. gives his "I Have a Dream" speech in Washington, DC

President Kennedy assassinated, Nov. 22, Dallas

Beatles invade the U.S.

Cassius Clay (later Muhammad Ali) becomes World Heavyweight Champion, the first of three times

FHA became part of Department of Housing and Urban Development's (HUD) Office of Housing

U.S. sends troops to Vietnam


1962 aerial of Fort Belvoir



The 100th Engineer Company of the Fourth Battalion started demolition of 42 buildings of Grays Hill Village

Martin Luther King Jr. and Robert Kennedy assassinated

Richard Nixon elected president

Apollo 11 lands on the moon

Concert at Woodstock


Map of Fort Belvoir, 1965


Beatles break up

Computer floppy disks introduced

The Defense Systems Management College (DSMC) was established at Fort Belvoir, a graduate-level institution that offers advanced courses of study in weapon systems acquisition management for both military personnel and civilians

Defense Mapping School (DMS) opened at Fort Belvoir to provide instruction in tactical mapping, land geodetic surveys, and cartographic drafting

Terrorist attack at the Olympic Games in Munich

M*A*S*H television show premiers

End of military draft announced

Last American troops withdraw from Vietnam




Fort Belvoir's SM-1 Nuclear Plant decommissioned

Belvoir Mansion Ruins and the Fairfax Grave Site listed on the National Register of Historic Places

President Richard Nixon resigns

150 units planned for Fort Belvoir with 90 enlisted and 60 company grade officers

Star Wars movie released

Anti-royalist Iranians took American hostages in Tehran

Margaret Thatcher first woman prime minister of Great Britain

SM-1 Nuclear Plant, n.d.


Fort Belvoir's Accotink Bay Wildlife Refuge established; over 1,300 acres of marsh and hardwood forest in the southwestern corner of the post

First cul-de-sac of Woodlawn Village turned over to the Housing Office for occupancy, Oct. 

Ronald Reagan elected president

Sandra Day O'Connor first woman appointed to the U.S. Supreme Court

Royal wedding of Prince Charles and Lady Diana Spencer


Woodlawn Village, architect's drawings, elevations, ca. 1980

Initial National Register nomination completed for the Fort Belvoir Historic District. The district was determined eligible for listing on the National Register of Historic Places. (Resources listed on the Virginia Landmarks Register)

Sally Ride becomes the first American woman in space

U.S. invades Grenada

President Reagan signed Military Construction Authorization Act, 1984 legislation that established Section 801 and 802, Oct. 11

Typical Colonial Revival Administration Building in the Fort Belvoir Historic District, ca. 2006



Challenger space shuttle explodes

Chernobyl nuclear accident

Fort Belvoir transferred from the Training and Doctrine Command to the Military District of Washington

Engineer School left Fort Belvoir and relocated to Fort Leonard Wood in Missouri

Intelligence and Security Command (INSCOM) relocated to Fort Belvoir, Summer

Berlin Wall comes down, Nov. 9


Aerial photo of
Fort Belvoir, 1984


U.S. leads Operation Desert Storm

Collapse of the Soviet Union

First boundary increase to the National Register-eligible Fort Belvoir Historic District

Riots in Los Angeles after the Rodney King verdict

Military District of Washington adopted a set of Stewardship Standards to be applied to the preservation and rehabilitation of historic family quarters at Forts Myer, McNair, and Belvoir, Dec.

World Trade Center bombed

Cult compound in Waco, Texas, raided

Rabin and Arafat sign peace accord

O.J. Simpson arrested for double murder

Rwandan genocide begins


Department of Logistics Agency (DLA) headquarters moved to Fort Belvoir

Oklahoma City bombing

Yitzhak Rabin assassinated

Second boundary increase to the National Register-eligible Fort Belvoir Historic District

Camp A.A. Humphreys Pump Station and Filter Building determined eligible for listing on the National Register of Historic Places. (Resources listed on the Virginia Landmarks Register)

U.S. Army Package Power Reactor determined eligible for listing on the National Register of Historic Places. (Resources listed on the Virginia Landmarks Register)

Military Housing Privatization Initiative (MHPI) authorizes in a program called the Residential Communities Initiative (RCI) to privatize Army Family Housing


Map of Fort Belvoir,
ca. 2006


Thermo-Con House listed on the National Register of Historic Places

Hong Kong returned to China

Princess Diana dies in car crash

Scientists clone sheep

Euro, the new European currency, established

Killing spree at Columbine High School


Thermo-Con House, listed on the Virginia Landmark Register in 1997, ca. 2006


Sept. 11 terrorist attacks

Wave of corporate scandals starting with Enron



Military housing at Fort Belvoir became privatized under the Army's Residential Communities Initiative program

Invasion of Iraq begins with Operation Iraqi Freedom, March 19


Town Center, ca. 2006

Fort Belvoir Residential Communities LLC • administrator@fortbelvoirhousinghistory.com